Korman's (Journal of Applied Psychology, 1968, 52, 484-490) prediction that performance and satisfaction should be positively related for high self-esteem individuals and unrelated for low self-esteem individuals was tested with samples of scientists, engineers, homemakers, firefighters, and clerical workers. Although there was a slight tendency for this prediction to be supported with the male scientist, engineer, and firefighter samples, Korman's theory was unsupported in the homemaker and clerical worker samples. Since the correlations found for low and high self-esteem persons significantly differed in only one of eight comparisons, self-esteem did not appear to be a reliable moderator of the performance-satisfaction relationship. Problems with previous studies purporting to test Korman's prediction are discussed, and the possibility of a confound between self-esteem and sex role and/or status is introduced.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
’ The dataf or this study were obtainedf rom a largerp roject which examinedt he effectso f a “managementb y objectives” training program.T his project was supportedb y National Science FoundationR esearchG rant NM44352a wardedt o H. Dudley Dewhirst and Richard D. Arvey (see Arvey & Dewhirst, 1976;A rvey, Dewhirst, & Boling, 1976).