Self-Reported Urological Hospitalizations or Emergency Room Visits in a Contemporary Spinal Cord Injury Cohort

Iryna M. Crescenze, Sara M. Lenherr, Jeremy B. Myers, Sean P. Elliott, Blayne Welk, Diana O'Dell, John T. Stoffel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: Individuals with spinal cord injuries frequently use urgent and emergent medical care. We hypothesized that urological causes are a primary driver of hospitalizations/emergency room visits in a contemporary spinal cord injury cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Neurogenic Bladder Research Group spinal cord injury registry is a prospective cohort study evaluating neurogenic bladder related quality of life after traumatic spinal cord injury. Questionnaires were administered to participants querying whether a hospitalization or emergency room visit occurred during the interval 1-year followup and reason for visit. Primary outcome was the rate of urological related hospitalizations/emergency room visits in 1 year. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify risk factors for urology related hospitalization/emergency room visit. RESULTS: Of the 1,479 participants enrolled 1,260 had 1-year followup. In all, 16.7% (211/1,260) reported at least 1 urological hospitalization/emergency room visit, and urinary tract infections were the most common reason cited. Patients with an indwelling catheter had the greatest odds of having a hospitalization/emergency room episode for a urological indication (OR 3.35, CI 1.68-6.67, p=0.001), followed by clean intermittent catheterization (OR 2.56, CI 1.36-4.84, p=0.004) as compared to those who voided spontaneously. Other predictors included SF-12 physical scores (OR 0.98, CI 0.96-0.996, p=0.014), diminished hand function (OR 1.83, CI 1.05-3.19, p=0.033), and unemployment (OR 1.64, CI 1.13-2.37, p=0.009). CONCLUSIONS: There was a high incidence of hospitalizations/emergency room visits for patients with spinal cord injuries during a 1-year followup and urological complications were the most common reason for admission. Patient self-reported physical health as well as unemployment, and bladder management strategy, particularly indwelling catheter use, were associated with increased risk of urology related hospitalization/emergency room visits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-482
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of urology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021

Bibliographical note

This record is sourced from MEDLINE/PubMed, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


  • hospitalization
  • spinal cord injuries
  • urinary tract infections

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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