Semagenesis and the parasitic angiosperm Striga asiatica

William John Keyes, Andrew G. Palmer, William Kaya Erbil, Jeannette V. Taylor, Robert P. Apkarian, Eric R. Weeks, David G. Lynn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the last several years, intermediates in the reduction of dioxygen have been attributed diverse functional roles ranging from protection against pathogen attack to the regulation of cellular development. Evidence now suggests that parasitic angiosperms, which naturally commit to virulence through the growth of new organs, depend on reduced oxygen intermediates, or reactive oxygen species (ROS), for signal generation. Clearly, the role of ROS in both plant defense and other physiological responses complicates any models that employ these intermediates in host plant recognition. Here we exploit the transparent young Striga asiatica seedling to (i) localize the site of H2O 2 accumulation to the surface cells of the primary root meristem, (ii) demonstrate the accumulation of H2O2 within cytoplasmic and apoplastic compartments, and (iii) document precise regulation of H2O2 accumulation during development of the host attachment organ, the haustorium. These studies reveal a new active process for signal generation, host detection and commitment that is capable of ensuring the correct spatial and temporal positioning for attachment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)707-716
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Journal
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007

Keywords

  • Host-parasite interactions
  • Parasitic angiosperms
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Semagenesis
  • Striga asiatica
  • Xenognosis

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