Shear and time-dependent rheology of a fully nematic thermotropic liquid crystalline copolymer

Douglass S. Kalika, David W. Giles, Morton M. Denn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rheological measurements are reported for a fully nematic thermotropic liquid crystalline copolyester composed of 80% p-hydroxybenzoic acid/20% poly (ethylene terephthalate). The polymer displays shear thinning behavior with a constant power-law index over eight decades of shear rate; no shear-independent plateau (region II) is observed. Dynamic time sweeps indicate a high sensitivity of the rheological parameters to thermal history, apparently resulting from crystalline annealing. These annealing effects could be erased by appropriate thermal cycling. Torsional measurements (cone-and-plate) were limited at high shear rates by the occurrence of edge fracture. This instability was typically accompanied by an unusual sample texture composed of concentric rings, which was particularly distinct when offgassing had occurred in the polymer melt.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-154
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Rheology
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1990

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