Showing Shape with Texture - Two Directions seem Better than One

Sunghee Kim, Haleh Hagh-Shenas, Victoria Interrante

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Studies have shown that observers' judgment of surface orientation and curvature is affected by the presence of surface texture pattern. However, the question of designing a texture pattern that does not hide the surface information nor does convey a misrepresentation of the surface remains unsolved. The answer to this question has important potential impact across a wide range of visualization application. Molecular modeling and radiation therapy are among the many fields that are in need of accurately visualizing their data and could benefit from such methods. Over the past several years we have carried out a series of experiments to investigate the impact of various texture pattern characteristics on shape perception. In this paper we report the result of our most recent study. The task in this study was adjusting surface attitude probes under three different texture conditions and a control condition in which no texture was present. We later compare the performances of the subjects. The three texture conditions were: a doubly oriented texture in which approximately evenly spaced lines followed both of the principal directions, a singly oriented texture in which lines followed only the first principal direction, and a singly oriented line integral convolution. Over a series of 200 trials (4 texture conditions, 10 surface probe locations * five repeated measures) a total of five naïve participants were asked to adjust a circular probe. The probes were randomly located on an arbitrary curved surface and its perpendicular extension appeared to be oriented in the direction of the surface normal. An analysis of the results showed that the performance was best in the two directional texture condition. Performances were further decreased in one directional and no texture conditions (in that order). The paper is organized as follows. In Section 1 we briefly describe the motivation for our work. In Section 2 we describe our experimental methods, including a brief summary of the process of the stimuli preparation and a detailed presentation of statistics analysis of our experimental results. In Section 3 we discuss the implications of our findings and in the last section we will talk about our future plans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)332-339
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Nov 20 2003
EventHuman Vision and Electronic Imaging VIII - Santa Clara, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 21 2003Jan 24 2003


  • Shape perception
  • Shape representation
  • Texture mapping
  • Texture synthesis


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