Solid superacid catalyzed fatty acid methyl esters production from acid oil

Yan Li, Xiao Dong Zhang, Li Sun, Min Xu, Wen Guang Zhou, Xiao Hui Liang

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    57 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    A solid superacid catalyst was evaluated for the production of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) from acid oil containing about 60 wt.% free fatty acids. It was demonstrated that SO42 -/ZrO2-TiO2/La3+ was an effective catalyst for simultaneous transesterification and esterification. The optimization of reaction parameters was performed, showing that maximum yield of above 90% could be obtained under the conditions that molar ratio of alcohol/oil was 15:1, catalyst amount was 5 wt.%, temperature was 200 °C and duration was 2 h. The catalyst was finally recycled and utilized for five times repeatedly with little loss in activity. The final products purified by molecular distillation were detected by GC-MS. The content of FAMEs reached 96.24%.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2369-2373
    Number of pages5
    JournalApplied Energy
    Volume87
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2010

    Keywords

    • Acid oil
    • Fatty acid methyl esters
    • Solid superacid catalyst

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