Solubility and degradation of polyhydroxyalkanoate biopolymers in propylene carbonate

Christopher W.J. McChalicher, Friedrich Srienc, Daniel P. Rouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

New biobased materials and chemicals require different processing strategies than petroleum-derived commodities. The extraction and recovery of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) biopolymers from the residual cellular biomass is particularly difficult because the polymer is accumulated within the cell. PHAs have low solubility in many classical polymer solvents and are most often dissolved using undesirable chlorinated solvents. The solubility kinetics is greatly diminished when these polymers are highly crystalline. Here, 1,2-propylene carbonate is used to dissolve highly crystalline polyhydroxybutyrate at ambient pressures and moderate temperatures. We have used kinetic studies of the dissolution of the crystalline material to determine the energy barrier for dissolution of the system. Further, the degradation of polyhydroxybutyrate and similarly prepared PHA block copolymers were studied during this extraction process using molecular weight characterization by gel permeation chromatography. Finally, we have used these findings to extract PHA block copolymers from dried biomass at the bench scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1616-1625
Number of pages10
JournalAIChE Journal
Volume56
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Degradation biopolymers
  • Extraction
  • PHAs
  • Polymer processing
  • Propylene carbonate

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