OBJECTIVE: To review and describe imaging findings on multidetector computed tomography in the early postoperative period after cytoreductive surgery with concomitant hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS + HIPEC). METHODS: This was a retrospective review of consecutive patients undergoing early (≤60 days) postoperative abdominopelvic multidetector computed tomography scans after CRS + HIPEC from 2014 to 2018 at a single institution. Two radiologists separately assessed bowel wall thickening, bowel wall enhancement, bowel dilation, ascites, and pleural effusion(s) and identified any other significant finding(s). RESULTS: Thirty-two patients met the inclusion criteria. The majority of patients demonstrated bowel wall thickening (53%; n = 17) and ascites (72%; n = 23), whereas postoperative ileus (35%; n = 10), pleural effusion(s) (24%; n = 7), and bowel wall hyperenhancement (6%; n = 1) were less common. Significant findings included anastomotic leak/perforation (13%; n = 4), fistula (13%; n = 4), abscess (13%; n = 4), and bladder leak (6%; n = 2). CONCLUSIONS: Multidetector computed tomography is an excellent imaging modality to identify common postoperative findings as well as complications following CRS + HIPEC.
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article