Spider mites (Tetranychus urticae) perform poorly on and disperse from plants exposed to methyl jasmonate

Charles L. Rohwer, John E. Erwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Jasmonates are plant hormones involved in wound and defense responses against herbivorous arthropods. Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) is used experimentally to induce defense responses in plants. In experiments outlined here we utilized a novel preference assay with unwounded plants that allowed us to study the impact of a MeJA spray on subsequent Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) proliferation and preference. Spraying plants with 100 μm MeJA 1 day before infestation caused mites to disperse within 2 days from treated impatiens [Impatiens wallerana Hook f., 'Super Elfin Pink' (Balsaminaceae)], pansy [Viola × wittrockiana Gams, 'Imperial Beaconsfield' (Violaceae)], and tomato [Solanum lycopersicum L., 'Big Boy' (Solanaceae)] plants. In addition, MeJA application reduced mite proliferation rate on impatiens and pansy by 60% (measured 22-34 days after infestation). Proteinase inhibitor (PI) assays suggested that MeJA-induced PIs alone were not responsible for the observed results in pansy and impatiens but may have been a factor in tomato. Implications of these results in the context of MeJA-induced resistance responses and possible directions for future research and application are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-152
Number of pages10
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Volume137
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Acari
  • Impatiens wallerana
  • Induced host resistance
  • Pelargonium × hortorum
  • Proteinase inhibitor
  • Solanum lycopersicum
  • Tetranychidae
  • Viola × wittrockiana

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