Spin-split conductance and subgap peak in ferromagnet/superconductor spin valve heterostructures

Evan Moen, Oriol T. Valls

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Abstract

We consider the separate spin channel contributions to the charge conductance in superconducting/ferromagnetic spin valve F1/N/F2/S structures. We find that the up- and down-spin conductance contributions may have a very different behavior in the subgap bias region (i.e., there is a spin-split conductance). This leads to a subgap peak in the total conductance. This peak behavior, which can be prominent also in N/F/S systems, is strongly dependent, in a periodic way, on the thickness of the intermediate ferromagnetic layer. We study this phenomenon for the ballistic scattering regime using a numerical self consistent method, with additional insights gained from an approximate analytic calculation for an infinite N/F/S structure. We study also the angular dependence on the relative magnetization angle between F1 and F2 of both the spin-split and the total conductance. We do so for realistic material parameters, layer thicknesses, and interface quality values relevant to previous [Jara et al., Phys. Rev. B 89, 184502 (2014)PRBMDO1098-012110.1103/PhysRevB.89.184502] experimental studies on such devices. We also find that the spin-split conductance is highly dependent on the interfacial scattering in these devices, and we carefully include these effects for realistic systems. A strong valve effect is found for the angularly dependent subgap peak conductance that is largely independent on the scattering and may prove useful in actual realizations of a superconducting spin valve device.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104512
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume98
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 25 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank I. N. Krivorotov (University of California, Irvine) for many illuminating discussions on the experimental issues. They are very grateful to Chien-Te Wu (National Chiao Tung University) for many helpful discussions on aspects of this problem. This work was supported in part by DOE Grant No. DE-SC0014467.

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