Spontaneous decay of the excited state of an emitter near a finite-length metallic carbon nanotube

A. M. Nemilentsau, G. Ya Slepyan, S. A. Maksimenko, A. Lakhtakia, S. V. Rotkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The spontaneous decay of an excited state of an emitter placed in the vicinity of a metallic single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) was examined theoretically. The emitter-SWNT coupling strongly depends on the position of the emitter relative to the SWNT, the length of the SWNT, the dipole transition frequency, and the orientation of the emitter. In the high-frequency regime, dips in the spectrum of the spontaneous decay rate exist at the resonance frequencies in the spectrum of the SWNT conductivity. In the intermediate-frequency regime, the SWNT conductivity is very low and the spontaneous decay rate is practically unaffected by the SWNT. In the low-frequency regime, the spectrum of the spontaneous decay rate contains resonances at the antennas resonance frequencies for surface-wave propagation in the SWNT. Enhancement of both the total and radiative spontaneous decay rates by several orders in magnitude is predicted at these resonance frequencies. The strong emitter-field coupling is achieved, in spite of the low- Q factor of the antenna resonances due to the very high magnitude of the electromagnetic field in the near-field zone. The vacuum Rabi oscillations of the population of the excited emitter state are exhibited when the emitter is coupled to an antenna resonance of the SWNT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number235411
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume82
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 7 2010

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