Stability of initial fixation of the tibial component in cementless total knee arthroplasty

Hitoshi Shimagaki, Joan E. Bechtold, Robert E. Sherman, Ramon B. Gustilo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study measured the vertical displacement of three kinds of cementless tibial components [Porous Coated Anatomical (PCA), Tricon, and Whiteside], under eccentric loading up to 2,225 N. Displacement between the tibial tray and the proximal tibia was measured with linear variable differential transformers at the anterior and posterior side when anteriorly or posteriorly loaded, and at the medial and lateral side when medially or laterally loaded. The general pattern of motion was sinking at the loaded side and lift‐off at the opposite side and lift‐off at the opposite side. Lift‐off opposite the loaded side was fairly small for all components at all measurement sites. Among the three components, the Whiteside showed the smallest displacements. The Tricon (when anteriorly or posteriorly loaded), and the PCA (when medially or laterally loaded) showed sinking at the loaded side. Anterior screw fixation of the PCA was not effective in preventing anterior lift‐off. The tilting motion of the tibial components obseved in this study implies instability of the initial fixation, which could possibly compromise bony ingrowth. Furthermore, this tilting could cause uneven distribution of load, and potentially result in fracture of the underlying bone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-71
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1990

Keywords

  • Cementless tibial component
  • Initial stability
  • Micromovement

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