We introduce a model constitutive law for the dissipative stress tensor of lamellar phases to account for low frequency and long wavelength flows. Given the uniaxial symmetry of these phases, we argue that the dissipative stress tensor must be similar to that of nematics/smectics but with the local variable being the slowly varying lamellar wave vector. This assumption leads to a dependence of the effective dynamic viscosity on orientation of the lamellar phase. We then consider a model configuration comprising a domain boundary separating laterally unbounded domains of so called parallel and perpendicularly oriented lamellae in a uniform, oscillatory, shear flow, and show that the configuration can be hydrodynamically unstable for the constitutive law chosen. It is argued that this instability and the secondary flows it creates can be used to infer a possible mechanism for orientation selection in shear experiments.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work has been supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DMR-0100903 and by NSERC Canada.
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- Deformation and flow
- Hydrodynamic instability