The relationship of oral behaviors to stress has long been recognized both in humans and in wild animals. In the last decade numerous advances have been made in our understanding of stress-induced feeding predominately because of the development of the simple tail-pinch model of stress induced feeding in rats. Present evidence strongly implicates monoamines and the endogenous opioid peptides as well as other neuropeptides as playing a role in the central regulation of stress-induced eating.
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We thank JoAnn Tallman for secretarial assistance. This research was supported, in part, by the Veterans Administration Medical Center research funds.