Structure - Activity relationship studies of chalcone leading to 3-hydroxy-4,3′,4′,5′-tetramethoxychalcone and its analogues as potent nuclear factor κB inhibitors and their anticancer activities

Balasubramanian Srinivasan, Thomas E. Johnson, Rahul Lad, Chengguo Xing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chalcone is a privileged structure, demonstrating promising anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. One potential mechanism is to suppress nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation. The structures of chalcone-based NF-κB inhibitors vary significantly that there is minimum information about their structure-activity relationships (SAR). This study aims to establish SAR of chalcone-based compounds to NF-κB inhibition, to explore the feasibility of developing simple chalcone-based potent NF-κB inhibitors, and to evaluate their anticancer activities. Three series of chalcones were synthesized in one to three steps with the key step being aldol condensation. These candidates demonstrated a wide range of NF-κB inhibitory activities, some of low micromolar potency, establishing that structural complexity is not required for NF-κB inhibition. Lead compounds also demonstrate potent cytotoxicity against lung cancer cells. Their cytotoxicities correlate moderately well with their NF-κB inhibitory activities, suggesting that suppressing NF-κB activation is likely responsible for at least some of the cytotoxicities. One lead compound effectively inhibits lung tumor growth with no signs of adverse side effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7228-7235
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of medicinal chemistry
Volume52
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 26 2009

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