Previous studies identified partial inhibitors and allosteric modulators of 5-hydroxytryptamine ([5-amino-3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,2-dihydropyrido[3,4-b] pyrazin-7-yl]carbamic acid ethyl ester [SoRI-6238], 4-(2-[bis(4-fluorophenyl) methoxy]ethyl)-1-(2-trifluoromethyl-benzyl)-piperidine [TB-1-099]) and dopamine transporters N-(diphenylmethyl)-2-phenyl-4-quinazolinamine, [SoRI-9804]). We report here the identification of three novel allosteric modulators of the dopamine transporter [N-(2,2-diphenylethyl)-2-phenyl-4-quinazolinamine [SoRI-20040], N-(3,3-diphenylpropyl)-2-phenyl-4-quinazolinamine [SoRI-20041], and [4-amino-6-[(diphenylmethyl)amino]-5-nitro-2-pyridinyl]carbamic acid ethyl ester [SoRI-2827]]. Membranes were prepared from human embryonic kidney cells expressing the cloned human dopamine transporter (hDAT). [125I] 3β-(4′-Iodophenyl)tropan-2β-carboxylic acid methyl ester ([ 125I]RTI-55) binding and other assays followed published procedures. SoRI-20040, SoRI-20041, and SoRI-2827 partially inhibited [125I]RTI- 55 binding, with EC50 values ranging from ∼1.4 to 3 μM and Emax values decreasing as the [125I]RTI-55 concentrations increased. All three compounds decreased the [125I]RTI-55 B max value and increased the apparent Kd value in a manner well described by a sigmoid dose-response curve. In dissociation rate experiments, SoRI-20040 (10 μM) and SoRI-20041 (10 μM), but not SoRI-2827 (10 μM), slowed the dissociation of [125I]RTI-55 from hDAT by ∼30%. Using rat brain synaptosomes, all three agents partially inhibited [3H]dopamine uptake, with EC50 values ranging from 1.8 to 3.1 μM and decreased the Vmax value in a dose-dependent manner. SoRI-9804 and SoRI-20040 partially inhibited amphetamine-induced dopamine transporter-mediated release of [3H]1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion from rat caudate synaptosomes in a dose-dependent manner. Viewed collectively, we report several compounds that allosterically modulate hDAT binding and function, and we identify novel partial inhibitors of amphetamine-induced dopamine release.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Jul 2008|