Rat submandibular gland nuclei incubated with γ-32P-ATP incorporated the label into histone and non-histone phosphoproteins. The latter was the predominantly radioactive fraction. After a single injection of isoproterenol (Ipr), the incorporation of 32P into non-histone phosphoproteins decreased during the first few hours, followed by an increase at 4 h which reached its peak at 24 h at a higher level compared with normal controls. The values returned to the control level at 40 h after the injection. The changes were reflected in the initial rates as well as the total level of incorporation of 32P into the phosphoproteins. Temporally, the onset of increase in the phosphorylation of non-histone phosphoproteins appeared to precede that in RNA synthesis, although peak activity of the phosphorylation coincided with the peak of RNA synthesis. The non-histone phosphoproteins which depicted maximal changes in response to Ipr were further characterized as phenol-soluble acidic phosphoproteins. The phosphorylation of histone phosphoproteins also declined after the injection of Ipr, but the recovery of the rate of phosphorylation was not observed until 16 h after the injection, reaching the control levels at 24 h. Treatment of rats with actinomycin D or cycloheximide, prior to Ipr, abolished the increase in phosphorylation of non-histone phosphoproteins observed at 24 h after Ipr. Further, the changes in the phosphorylation of nuclear phosphoproteins induced by Ipr were blocked by prior treatment of the animals with dichloroisoproterenol. The results suggest that the phosphorylation of the non-histone phosphoproteins plays an important role in the events controlling the synthesis of RNA which precedes the replication of DNA and cell. In addition, the regulation of the metabolism of nuclear phosphoproteins may be controlled through a function of the cytoplasmic membrane.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
One of us (H. I.) was supported by a fellowship from Fogarty International Center while at the NC1 Baltimore Cancer Research Center.