Donor specific antibodies (DSA) play a significant role in graft rejection. Many laboratory methods, varied in sensitivity and specificity, are used to detect them. We report a case of a 38-year-old man presented with end stage renal disease considered for kidney transplantation. He had no history of blood transfusions nor transplantation procedures. Dilemma rose when he got multiple positive crossmatches with matching donors and a positive autologous crossmatch due to IgG anti HLA auto-antibodies, which are at the same time against matched donors. Since positive crossmatch is a contraindication for transplant, we couldn't perform transplant from any matched donor. Therefore, we considered a total mismatched donor then transplantation was performed. Observation after surgery showed normalization of creatinine, blood pressure and a good function of the planted allograft for two years of follow up.
- IgG anti HLA I autoantibodies
- Kidney transplant