Although targeted therapy directed toward driver mutations has produced a significant efficacy benefit for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), many patients do not possess mutations associated with the approved targeted drugs. Angiogenic agents play an important role in the therapeutic strategy for advanced NSCLC. Apatinib is a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2. A phase II clinical trial demonstrated the survival benefit of apatinib monotherapy in advanced NSCLC. Moreover, addition of anti-angiogenic agents to chemotherapy showed robust efficacy in advanced NSCLC, regardless of tumor histology. Here, we present the case of a heavily pretreated lung adenocarcinoma patient who was treated with apatinib and apatinib continuation plus docetaxel re-challenge. He was negative for several driver genes, including EGFR, ALK, KRAS, ROS1, HER2, RET and BRAF. The previous treatment included platinum-based doublets, pemetrexed monotherapy, docetaxel plus bevacizumab, gefitinib monotherapy, nab-paclitaxel monotherapy, irinotecan plus oxaliplatin and radiotherapy. He obtained a partial response after both apatinib monotherapy and apatinib plus docetaxel treatment, with progression-free survival durations of 5 months and 6 months, respectively. This case indicated that apatinib monotherapy or apatinib plus docetaxel might be regarded as a therapeutic option for heavily pretreated patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 81402381).
© 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
- case report
- heavy pretreatment
- non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer
- partial response
- progression-free survival