Although some studies suggest that sexual harassment is a prevalent problem in academia, it is accompanied by consistently low reporting rates. An examination of the relative explanatory power of procedural justice (Lind & Tyler, 1988) and gender socialization (Riger, 1991) to account for this situation was conducted. Demographic, situational, and attitudinal variables representing various obstacles to filing formal grievances were assessed in two groups: reporters and nonreporters of sexual harassment. Results indicate that procedural justice (e.g., skepticism regarding the response efficacy of filing a complaint) was more related to nonreported sexual harassment than was gender socialization (e.g., a caring vs. a justice perspective). Results are discussed in terms of their implications for a broader theoretical framework and for the ways in which formal agencies that are mandated to protect university members from sexual harassment could refine their grievance procedures.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This article is based on research supported by grants-in-aid from the University of Minnesota's Conflict and Change Center and the Minnesota Women's Center. The work of Laurie A. Rudman was supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship.