The sulfated glycolipid PG545 shows promising antitumor activity in various cancers. This study was conducted to explore the effects and the mechanism of PG545 action in endometrial cancer (EC). PG545 exhibited strong synergy as assessed by the Chou-Talalay-Method in vitro when combined with cisplatin, or paclitaxel in both type I (Hec1B) and type II (ARK2) EC cell lines. While PG545 showed antitumor activity as monotherapy, a combination of PG545 with paclitaxel and cisplatin was highly effective in reducing the tumor burden and significantly prolonged survival of both Hec1B and ARK2 xenograft bearing mice. Mechanistically, PG545 elicits ER stress as an early response with resultant induction of autophagy. Our data demonstrated an increase in pERK, Bip/Grp78, IRE1α, Calnexin and CHOP/GADD153 within 6–24 hrs of PG545 treatment in EC cells. In parallel, PG545 also blocked FGF2 and HB-EGF mediated signaling in EC cells. Moreover, melatonin-mediated ER stress inhibition reduced PG545-mediated autophagy and PG545 in combination with cisplatin further heightened this stress response. Collectively these data indicate that PG545 exhibits strong synergistic effects with chemotherapeutics in vitro and showed promising antitumor activity in vivo. Our preclinical data indicates that in future studies PG545 can be a useful adjunct to chemotherapy in endometrial cancer.
- ER stress
- Endometrial Cancer
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't