Previously, we demonstrated that the expression of opiate withdrawal and antinociceptive tolerance can be suppressed by dynorphin (dyn) A-(1-13) in morphine-dependent mice. In this study, it was shown that the normal, endogenous dyn, dyn A-(1-17) also possessed this suppressive property. While using the nonopioid dyn analog, [des-Tyr1]dyn A [dyn A-(2-17)] as a negative control, we discovered unexpectedly that this peptide fragment also suppressed naloxone-induced withdrawal and the expression of morphine tolerance in morphine-dependent mice. Thus, an extensive structure activity relationship was studied using 11 peptide fragments. It was determined that the amino acid sequence of dyn A was required for the suppressive activity because dyn B and α-neoendorphin both failed to suppress naloxone- precipitated withdrawal jumping. Of the [des-Tyr1]dyn fragments, the minimal amino acid sequence required to suppress naloxone-induced withdrawal was determined to be dyn A-(2-8), containing the sequence G-G-F-L-R-R-I.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - 1993|