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Accumulation layers with very large concentrations of electrons where many subbands are filled became recently available due to ionic liquid and other new methods of gating. The low-temperature mobility in such layers is limited by the surface roughness scattering. However, theories of roughness scattering so far dealt only with the small-density single subband two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG). Here we develop a theory of roughness-scattering limited mobility for the multisubband large concentration case. We show that with growing 2D electron concentration n the surface dimensionless conductivity σ/(2e2/h) first decreases as n-6/5 and then saturates as ∼(daB/Δ2)1, where d and Δ are the characteristic length and height of the surface roughness and aB is the effective Bohr radius. This means that in spite of the shrinkage of the 2DEG thickness and the related increase of the scattering rate the 2DEG remains a good metal.
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We are grateful to S. A. Campbell, A. V. Chaplik, M. V. Entin, B. Jalan, M. J. Manfra, M. Sammon, M. Shur, and R. A. Suris for helpful discussions. This work was supported primarily by the NSF through the University of Minnesota Material Research Science and Engineering Center under Award No. DMR-1420013.
© 2016 American Physical Society.
Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
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