Synergistic effect of combined transcranial direct current stimulation/constraintinduced movement therapy in children and young adults with hemiparesis: Study protocol

Bernadette Gillick, Jeremiah Menk, Bryon Mueller, Gregg Meekins, Linda E. Krach, Timothy Feyma, Kyle Rudser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background: Perinatal stroke occurs in more than 1 in 2,500 live births and resultant congenital hemiparesis necessitates investigation into interventions which may improve long-term function and decreased burden of care beyond current therapies ( Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) is recognized as an effective hemiparesis rehabilitation intervention . Transcranial direct current stimulation as an adjunct treatment to CIMT may potentiate neuroplastic responses and improve motor function. The methodology of a clinical trial in children designed as a placebo-controlled, serial -session, non-invasive brain stimulation trial incorporating CIMT is described here. The primary hypotheses are 1) that no serious adverse events will occur in children receiving non-invasive brain stimulation and 2) that children in the stimulation intervention group will show significant improvements in hand motor function compared to children in the placebo stimulation control group. Methods/design: A randomized, controlled, double-blinded clinical trial. Twenty children and/or young adults (ages 8-21) with congenital hemiparesis, will be enrolled. The intervention group will receive ten 2-hour sessions of transcranial direct current stimulation combined with constraint-induced movement therapy and the control group will receive sham stimulation with CIMT. The primary outcome measure is safety assessment of transcranial direct current stimulation by physician evaluation, vital sign monitoring and symptom reports. Additionally, hand function will be evaluated using the Assisting Hand Assessment, grip strength and assessment of goals using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure. Neuroimaging will confirm diagnoses, corticospinal tract integrity and cortical activation. Motor cortical excitability will also be examined using transcranial magnetic stimulation techniques. Discussion: Combining non-invasive brain stimulation and CIMT interventions has the potential to improve motor function in children with congenital hemiparesis beyond each intervention independently. Such a combined intervention has the potential to benefit an individual throughout their lifetime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number178
JournalBMC Pediatrics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 12 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments We wish to acknowledge Sally Jones for her critical revisions of this manuscript. We thank also the families and children involved in our initial pilot testing to establish this protocol, and the future participants and families to come.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Gillick et al.


  • Constraint-induced movement therapy
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Hand function
  • Hemiparesis
  • Non-invasive brain stimulation
  • Pediatrics

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