New methods have been developed for the synthesis of disulfide-bridged homo and hetero peptide dimers (both parallel and antiparallel), as exemplified in the oxytocin and deamino-oxytocin families. The linear sequences were assembled by 9-fluorenyl-methylcarbonyl (Fmoc) solid-phase synthesis techniques, with orthogonal protection for the two β-thiols by appropriate combinations of S-[(N'-methyl-N'-phenylcarbamoyl)sulfenyl] (Snm), S-acetamidomethyl (Acm) and S-2,4,6,-trimethoscybenzyl (Tmob) groups. Two octapeptide)-resins gave rise to four different nonapetide anides, which were brought together in defined ways to provide access to four of the six possible dimeric products. For each dimer, the first disulfide bond was formed in solution by a directed method, and then the second disulfide bond was formed, without purification of the of the intermediates, by iodine oxidation. Final isolated yields of the desired pure dimers were in the 20% to 40% range. Biological activities ranged from 0.2% to 6% that oxytocin, depending on the assay, and were in some cases considerably protected. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that dimers revert slowly to monomers under the testing conditions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - May 1996|