A planar energetic molecule with high density, 5,5′-dinitramino-3,3′-azo-1,2,4-oxadiazole (4), was obtained by the nitration of 5,5′-diamino-3,3′-azo-1,2,4-oxadiazole using 100 % nitric acid. In addition, selected nitrogen-rich salts were prepared. Of them, the neutral compound 4 and its hydroxylammonium salt, 6, were further confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Physicochemical and energetic properties including density, thermal stability, and sensitivity were investigated. The energetic performance from the calculated heats of formation and experimental densities indicates that many of them have potential applications as energetic materials. Just plane dense and full of energy: A dense compound with a planar structure, 5,5′-dinitramino-3,3′-azo-1,2,4-oxadiazole, has been synthesized, as have its energetic salts. Some of them were found to have potential applications as energetic compounds.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2016 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
- azo bridge
- energetic materials
- nitramino group
- planar structure