BACKGROUND: There are limited data on outcomes after implantation of second-generation drug-eluting stents in coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs). We aimed to evaluate the frequency of angiographic restenosis and clinical outcomes after implantation of the everolimus-eluting stent (EES) in coronary CTOs. METHODS: One hundred patients undergoing successful CTO percutaneous coronary intervention using EES at our institution between 2009 and 2012 were enrolled. The primary study endpoint was binary in-segment restenosis at 8-month follow-up quantitative coronary angiography. Secondary endpoints included death, myocardial infarction, target-lesion and target-vessel revascularization, and symptom improvement. RESULTS: Mean age was 64 ± 7 years and 99% of the patients were men. The successful crossing technique was antegrade wiring in 51 patients, antegrade dissection/reentry in 24 patients, and retrograde in 25 patients. Binary angiographic restenosis occurred in 46% of the patients (95% confidence interval [CI], 35%-57%). The pattern of restenosis was focal, proliferative, and total occlusion in 19 lesions (46%), 14 lesions (34%), and 8 lesions (20%), respectively. At 12 months, the incidences of death, myocardial infarction, target-lesion revascularization, and target-vessel revascularization were 2%, 2%, 37%, and 39%, respectively. At 12 months, symptoms were improved, unchanged, or worse compared with baseline in 89 patients, 8 patients, and 1 patient, respectively (2 patients died before the 12-month follow-up). On multivariable analysis, smaller stent diameter was associated with higher risk for binary angiographic restenosis. CONCLUSION: High rates of angiographic restenosis and repeat revascularization were observed among patients receiving EES in coronary CTOs, but most had significant symptom improvement.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Invasive Cardiology|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2015|
- chronic total occlusion
- everolimus-eluting stent
- percutaneous coronary intervention