The amino acid sequences of the amidinotransferases and the nucleotide sequences of their genes or cDNA from four Streptomyces species (seven genes) and from the kidneys of rat, pig, human and human pancreas were compared. The overall amino acid and nucleotide sequences of the prokaryotes and eukaryotes were very similar and further, three regions were identified that were highly identical. Evidence is presented that there is virtually zero chance that the overall and high identity regions of the amino acid sequence similarities and the overall nucleotide sequence similarities between Streptomyces and mammals represent random match. Both rat and lamprey amidinotransferases were able to use inosamine phosphate, the amidine group acceptor of Streptomyces. We have concluded that the structure and function of the amidinotransferases and their genes has been highly conserved through evolution from prokaryotes to eukaryotes. The evolution has occurred with: (1) a high degree of retention of nucleotide and amino acid sequences; (2) a high degree of retention of the primitive Streptomyces guanine+cytosine (G+C) third codon position composition in certain high identity regions of the eukaryote cDNA; (3) a decrease in the specificities for the amidine group acceptors; and (4) most of the mutations silent in the regions suggested to code for active sites in the enzymes. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Inc.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|State||Published - 1998|
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