The development of the ability of infants to utilize static cues to create and access representations of object shape

Aki Tsuruhara, Tadamasa Sawada, So Kanazawa, Masami K. Yamaguchi, Sherryse Corrow, Albert Yonas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

A "transfer-across-depth-cues" method was used to explore the development of the ability to generate and use spatial representations of an object as specied by static pictorial depth cues. Infants were habituated to an object with depth specied by one cue and then presented with the same shape with depth specied by a different cue. Only if an abstract representation of that object had been formed could transfer across cues occur. Shading and line junctions uniquely determined the 3D shapes in these displays so that they appeared to be either a slice of cake with a at top or a rocket. Without these cues, both line drawings were identical. Infants aged 6 to 7 months showed signicant evidence of transfer, while infants aged 4 to 5 months did not. A control experiment demonstrated that the younger infants could discriminate between the objects when a single depth cue specied the shapes. These results are similar to our previous ndings, which indicated that 6- to 7-month-old infants show transfer across shading and surface-contour cues, specifying convex and concave surfaces (A. Tsuruhara, T. Sawada, S. Kanazawa, M. K. Yamaguchi, & A. Yonas, 2009). This work supports the hypothesis that the ability to form 3D spatial representations from pictorial depth cues develops at about 6 months of age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Vision
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Infant shape perception
  • Line junction
  • Perceptual development
  • Pictorial depth cues
  • Shading

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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