The diagnostic challenge of evaluating papilledema in the pediatric patient

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pseudopapilledema is a fairly common finding in ophthalmic practice, and in many cases, the diagnosis is straightforward. However, an accurate diagnosis can challenge the most seasoned clinicians, and missing true papilledema can result in life-threatening or vision-threatening consequences. In this review, we describe the clinical findings and a diagnostic algorithm to distinguish pseudopapilledema and papilledema in the pediatric patients. We also describe the clinical evaluation once a diagnosis of papilledema has been established.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalTaiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Children
  • Intracranial hypertension
  • Optic disc drusen
  • Papilledema
  • Pediatric
  • Pseudopapilledema
  • Pseudotumor cerebri

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