OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of the Wisconsin Partnership Program (WPP) on hospital, emergency department (ED), and nursing home utilization with those of traditional care. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental longitudinal cohort design. SETTING: Selected counties in Wisconsin. PARTICIPANTS: WPP elderly enrollees and two matched control groups consisting of frail older people enrolled in fee-for-service insurance plans, Medicare, and Medicaid and receiving home- and community-based waiver services, one from the same geographic area as the WPP and another from a location in the state where the WPP was not offered. MEASUREMENTS: Data came from administrative records. Regression and survival analyses were adjusted for case-mix variables. RESULTS: No significant differences in hospital utilization, ED visits, preventable hospitalizations, risk of entry into nursing homes, or mortality were found. WPP enrollees had more contact with care providers than did controls. CONCLUSION: WPP did not dramatically alter the pattern of care. Part of the weak effect may be attributable to the small numbers of WPP cases per participating physician.
- Managed care