This study was designed to assess intestinal drug transport via transcellular absorption and intestinal P-glycoprotein content following thermal injury in rats using propranolol as a marker substrate. Male, Sprague Dawley rats (n=30) underwent either a 30% total body surface area full thickness burn or sham treatment. Twenty-four hours later, animals were anesthetized, underwent laparotomy and the proximal jejunum was cannulated. The jejunal segment was perfused with buffer containing [3H] propranolol. Following euthanasia, jejunal tissue was harvested for Western immunoblotting of P-glycoprotein and villin, and immunohistochemical analysis of P-glycoprotein. Dramatic structural changes in jejunal integrity were observed following thermal injury; however, no significant differences in the absorption characteristics of propranolol following thermal injury were observed. Mean effective permeability of propranolol was 5.67±1.79 and 5.85±1.67cm/s×10-5 for burn and sham groups, respectively (P>0.05). P-glycoprotein and villin content in the jejunum were significantly decreased in burn animals. The transcellular transport of propranolol is unaffected 24h following thermal injury in rats, despite alterations in intestinal P-glycoprotein content. The decrease in P-glycoprotein and villin content in thermally injured animals may reflect loss of mature enterocytes at the villus tips.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funded in part by the Upjohn Research Award, The University of Michigan College of Pharmacy. B.L.N. would like to acknowledge the financial support of the American Foundation for Pharmaceutical Education.
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Thermal injury
- Transcellular permeability