The Evolution of the Journal Club: From Osler to Twitter

Joel M. Topf, Matthew A. Sparks, Paul J. Phelan, Nikhil Shah, Edgar V. Lerma, Matthew P.M. Graham-Brown, Hector Madariaga, Francesco Iannuzzella, Michelle N. Rheault, Thomas Oates, Kenar D. Jhaveri, Swapnil Hiremath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Journal clubs have typically been held within the walls of academic institutions and in medicine have served the dual purpose of fostering critical appraisal of literature and disseminating new findings. In the last decade and especially the last few years, online and virtual journal clubs have been started and are flourishing, especially those harnessing the advantages of social media tools and customs. This article reviews the history and recent innovations of journal clubs. In addition, the authors describe their experience developing and implementing NephJC, an online nephrology journal club conducted on Twitter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)827-836
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Support: Dr Sparks is funded by Career Development Award IK2BX002240 from the Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Research and Development, Biomedical Laboratory Research and Development Service. Dr Hiremath receives research salary support from the Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa. There was no specific funding available for this project or this manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 National Kidney Foundation, Inc.


  • Journal club
  • NephJC
  • Twitter
  • continuing education
  • discussion forum
  • literature appraisal
  • medical education
  • microblogging
  • nephrology
  • nephrology training
  • new media
  • online tools
  • postpublication peer review
  • professional development
  • social media


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