The first identification of lysine malonylation substrates and its regulatory enzyme.

Chao Peng, Zhike Lu, Zhongyu Xie, Zhongyi Cheng, Yue Chen, Minjia Tan, Hao Luo, Y. Zhang, Wendy He, K. Yang, Bernadette M M Zwaans, Daniel Tishkoff, Linh Ho, David Lombard, Tong Chuan He, Junbiao Dai, Eric Verdin, Yang Ye, Yingming Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

397 Scopus citations


Protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) at the lysine residue, such as lysine methylation, acetylation, and ubiquitination, are diverse, abundant, and dynamic. They play a key role in the regulation of diverse cellular physiology. Here we report discovery of a new type of lysine PTM, lysine malonylation (Kmal). Kmal was initially detected by mass spectrometry and protein sequence-database searching. The modification was comprehensively validated by Western blot, tandem MS, and high-performance liquid chromatography of synthetic peptides, isotopic labeling, and identification of multiple Kmal substrate proteins. Kmal is a dynamic and evolutionarily conserved PTM observed in mammalian cells and bacterial cells. In addition, we demonstrate that Sirt5, a member of the class III lysine deacetylases, can catalyze lysine demalonylation and lysine desuccinylation reactions both in vitro and in vivo. This result suggests the possibility of nondeacetylation activity of other class III lysine deacetylases, especially those without obvious acetylation protein substrates. Our results therefore reveal a new type of PTM pathway and identify the first enzyme that can regulate lysine malonylation and lysine succinylation status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular & cellular proteomics : MCP
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2011

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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