The Future of Sentencing and Its Control

Michael Tonry

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter takes on the future of sentencing and its control in the United States and in England and Wales. It sketches out how sentencing and punishment policies in these two countries need to change and gives a view on how they will change by the year 2025. It argues for repealing a range of punitive sentencing options (e.g., three-strikes laws, mandatory minimums) for which there is no "credible evidence" of their effectiveness and have been applied inconsistently and disproportionately to minority offenders. Presumptive sentencing guidelines, sentencing reviews, and proportionate maximum sentences are among the needed reforms to bring about more effective, just, and humane sentences for offenders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Future of Criminology
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199950430
ISBN (Print)9780199917938
StatePublished - Sep 20 2012


  • England
  • Offenders
  • Punishment
  • Sentencing
  • United States
  • Wales


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