The global rise of corporate saving

Peter Chen, Loukas Karabarbounis, Brent Neiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The sectoral composition of global saving changed dramatically during the last three decades. Whereas in the early 1980s most of global investment was funded by household saving, nowadays nearly two-thirds of global investment is funded by corporate saving. This shift in the sectoral composition of saving was not accompanied by changes in the sectoral composition of investment, implying an improvement in the corporate net lending position. We characterize the behavior of corporate saving using both national income accounts and firm-level data and clarify its relationship with the global decline in labor share, the accumulation of corporate cash stocks, and the greater propensity for equity buybacks. We develop a general equilibrium model with product and capital market imperfections to explore quantitatively the determination of the flow of funds across sectors. Changes including declines in the real interest rate, the price of investment, and corporate income taxes generate increases in corporate profits and shifts in the supply of sectoral saving that are of similar magnitude to those observed in the data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Monetary Economics
Volume89
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Corporate saving
  • Cost of capital
  • Labor share
  • Profits

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