A 48-year-old man presented with a longstanding left upper eyelid mass that increased in size when bending forward. The mass was associated with enophthalmos and slowly increased in size with Valsalva maneuver. Magnetic resonance imaging and arteriography demonstrated a vascular malformation without an abnormal arterial component. Because of his increasing pain, the vascular malformation was excised in a multidisciplinary approach involving intraoperative fluoroscopic mapping, cyanoacrylate embolization, and surgical excision. Histopathology was consistent with a benign vascular malformation. Clinically, this was a low-flow, distensible venous malformation—or orbital varix.
- cyanoacrylate embolization
- orbital varix
- orbital vascular malformation