The high-risk patient with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: Treatment options and challenges

Jason A Bartos, Gary S Francis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

An estimated 5.1 million Americans aged 20 years and older have heart failure. 1 With therapies ranging from medication and physical therapy to implantable defibrillators and circulatory support, and possibly transplantation, accurate risk stratification of patient with heart failure and delivery of therapies appropriate to the level of their disease severity is becoming increasingly important. Determination of risk and associated treatment strategies is the subject of this brief review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-518
Number of pages10
JournalClinical pharmacology and therapeutics
Volume94
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

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