The Identification of Family Social Environment Typologies Using Latent Class Analysis: Implications for Future Family-Focused Research

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The family social environment is the first environment that a child experiences and has implications for children’s health. However, the majority of family social environment measures do not account for its complexity. There is a need for novel approaches for assessing the family social environment that transcends the traditional way of measuring family composition and interaction. The purpose of this secondary data analysis research was to identify distinct family social environment typologies that consider both family composition and interaction and to describe the characteristics of the identified family social environment typologies. A series of latent class analysis results indicated three distinct typologies of family social environment with significant differences in family composition, family problem-solving skills, and demographic characteristics. The process used to identify the typologies and significant differences between the typologies showcases how the field could advance family-focused research by considering family composition and interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-37
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Family Nursing
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank Sarah Friend, MPH, RD, the HOME Plus Study Evaluation Director for her assistance with the HOME Plus study information and data access. The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Research study reported in this manuscript was supported by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) under Award Number R01DK08400 (J. A. Fulkerson, PI, the HOME Plus study, National Clinical Trial numbers: NCT01538615) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The content of the manuscript is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the views of the NIH.

Funding Information:
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2539-1098 Lee Jiwoo PhD, RN 1 Kubik Martha Y. PhD, RN 2 Fulkerson Jayne A. PhD 1 Kohli Nidhi PhD 1 Garwick Ann E. PhD, RN, LP, LMFT, FAAN 1 1 University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA 2 Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA Jiwoo Lee, PhD, RN, Research Associate, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, 308 Harvard St. S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Email: leex5222@umn.edu 12 2019 1074840719894016 © The Author(s) 2019 2019 SAGE Publications The family social environment is the first environment that a child experiences and has implications for children’s health. However, the majority of family social environment measures do not account for its complexity. There is a need for novel approaches for assessing the family social environment that transcends the traditional way of measuring family composition and interaction. The purpose of this secondary data analysis research was to identify distinct family social environment typologies that consider both family composition and interaction and to describe the characteristics of the identified family social environment typologies. A series of latent class analysis results indicated three distinct typologies of family social environment with significant differences in family composition, family problem-solving skills, and demographic characteristics. The process used to identify the typologies and significant differences between the typologies showcases how the field could advance family-focused research by considering family composition and interaction. family social environment family composition family interaction latent class analysis National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases https://doi.org/10.13039/100000062 R01DK08400 edited-state corrected-proof typesetter ts1 The authors thank Sarah Friend, MPH, RD, the HOME Plus Study Evaluation Director for her assistance with the HOME Plus study information and data access. Declaration of Conflicting Interests The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. Funding The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Research study reported in this manuscript was supported by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) under Award Number R01DK08400 (J. A. Fulkerson, PI, the HOME Plus study, National Clinical Trial numbers: NCT01538615) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The content of the manuscript is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the views of the NIH. ORCID iD Jiwoo Lee https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2539-1098

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.

Keywords

  • family composition
  • family interaction
  • family social environment
  • latent class analysis

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

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