The impact of continuous medicaid enrollment on diagnosis, treatment, and survival in six surgical cancers

Aaron J. Dawes, Rachel Louie, David K. Nguyen, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Punam Parikh, Susan L. Ettner, Clifford Y. Ko, David S. Zingmond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To examine the effect of Medicaid enrollment on the diagnosis, treatment, and survival of six surgically relevant cancers among poor and underserved Californians.

Data Sources California Cancer Registry (CCR), California's Patient Discharge Database (PDD), and state Medicaid enrollment files between 2002 and 2008.

Study Design We linked clinical and administrative records to differentiate patients continuously enrolled in Medicaid from those receiving coverage at the time of their cancer diagnosis. We developed multivariate logistic regression models to predict death within 1 year for each cancer after controlling for sociodemographic and clinical variables.

Data Collection/Extraction Methods All incident cases of six cancers (colon, esophageal, lung, pancreas, stomach, and ovarian) were identified from CCR. CCR records were linked to hospitalizations (PDD) and monthly Medicaid enrollment.

Principal Findings Continuous enrollment in Medicaid for at least 6 months prior to diagnosis improves survival in three surgically relevant cancers. Discontinuous Medicaid patients have higher stage tumors, undergo fewer definitive operations, and are more likely to die even after risk adjustment.

Conclusions Expansion of continuous insurance coverage under the Affordable Care Act is likely to improve both access and clinical outcomes for cancer patients in California.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1787-1811
Number of pages25
JournalHealth services research
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Health Research and Educational Trust.

Keywords

  • Medicaid
  • access to care
  • cancer
  • surgery
  • survival

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