The thymus is the major site of T cell development and repertoire selection. During these processes, T cells segregate into two subsets that express either CD4 or CD8 accessory molecules, the phenotype of peripheral T cells. Analysis of CD4+8- thymocytes revealed that the majority of these cells express the heat-stable Ag (HSA) but not the nonclassical class I Ag, Qa-2. This HSA+, Qa-2- phenotype is similar to that of the less mature, CD4+8+ thymocytes. The remaining CD4+8- thymocytes possess the HSA-, Qa-2+ phenotype of peripheral T cells. To determine whether the Qa-2-, CD4+8- thymic subset is fully mature, we have analyzed the functional status of these CD4+8- subpopulations. The results indicate that only those thymocytes which express Qa-2 are fully responsive to anti-TCR stimulation in a manner analogous to peripheral T cells. The Qa-2- subset is nonresponsive to stimulation by anti-TCR antibodies that have been immobilized to plastic, even in the presence of lymphokines or syngeneic APC. This subset is, however, capable of proliferating to allogeneic cells or to anti-TCR on the surface of syngeneic APC, although not to the levels achieved by Qa-2+ thymocytes. Thus, the Qa-2- subset appears to require additional interactions which are not necessary for peripheral T cells or Qa-2+ thymocytes. Relevant to this issue, the Qa-2+ thymocyte subset does not appear until relatively late in development, and does not reach adult frequencies until several weeks after birth. These results would suggest that there is a progression from HSA+, Qa-2- to HSA-, Qa-2+ which parallels the maturation of functional responsiveness. These findings are important to understanding T cell selection since thymocytes with such a decreased responsiveness may have a differential capacity for tolerance induction. The results presented suggest that the bulk of CD4+8- thymocytes are not fully mature and that Qa-2 may serve as a marker for T cells with a more complete functional competence.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1991|