This is one of a series of statements discussing the use of GI endoscopy in common clinical situations. The Standards of Practice Committee of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) prepared this text. In preparing this guideline, a search of the medical literature was performed using PubMed and the Cochrane Database, with dates of search from August 1966 to December 2014. Additional references were obtained from the bibliographies of the identified articles and from recommendations of expert consultants. When limited or no data exist from well'designed prospective trials, emphasis is given to results from large series and reports from recognized experts. Guidelines for appropriate use of endoscopy are based on a critical review of the available data and expert consensus at the time the guidelines are drafted. Further controlled clinical studies may be needed to clarify aspects of this guideline. This guideline may be revised as necessary to account for changes in technology, new data, or other aspects of clinical practice. The recommendations were based on reviewed studies and were graded on the strength of the supporting evidence. This guideline is intended to be an educational device to provide information that may assist endoscopists in providing care to patients. This guideline is not a rule and should not be construed as establishing a legal standard of care or as encouraging, advocating, requiring, or discouraging any particular treatment. Clinical decisions in any particular case involve a complex analysis of the patient's condition and available courses of action. Therefore, clinical considerations may lead an endoscopist endoscopist to take a course of action that varies from these guidelines.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The following authors disclosed financial relationships relevant to this publication: K. V. Chathadi is a consultant for Boston Scientific. J. H. Hwang is a speaker for Novartis, a consultant for US Endoscopy, and has received a research grant from Olympus. M. A. Khashab is a consultant for Boston Scientific and Olympus America, and has received a research grant from Cook Medical. All other authors disclosed no financial relationships relevant to this publication.