The measurement of the organic-carbon normalized partition coefficient, Koc, for dioxin from contaminated sediment

Keith B. Lodge

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Koc of dioxin, 2,3,7,8-TCDD, was measured by desorption from Lake Ontario sediment (470 pg dioxin/g dry wt., 2.37% organic carbon); it is concluded that log Koc > 7.1. Suspensions of various solids concentration were prepared in 2 or 4-l cylinders. After 4-14 days, the solids and water were separated by sedimentation. The measured aqueous quantities were solids concentration, Cs,w, 0.06-60 g/l; organic carbon, C'oc,w, 0.23-65 mg/l; and dioxin, 2-1000 pg/l. Measured coefficients follow log Kmoc = constant - log C, where C = Cs,w or Csorb,w. The quantity of sorbent in the aqueous phase is Csorb,w = Coc,w - 0.25 mg/l. The level of dioxin in water depends on organic carbon when Coc,w > 0.25 mg/l. The apparatus was spiked with 13C-labeled dioxin and ratios of native-to-all dioxin in water, sediment and dioxin associated with the apparatus indicate the approach to equilibrium. Steady state was reached in water for four experiments. Analysis of recovered solids shows significant desorption of material. It appears that equilibrium is reached when levels of dioxin in the organic carbon associated with the sediment, water, and apparatus are the same.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-156
Number of pages10
JournalAdvances in Environmental Research
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2002

Keywords

  • CMC
  • Dioxin
  • Distribution coefficient
  • Freshwater
  • Lake Ontario
  • Organic carbon
  • Sediment

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