The primary purpose of this note is to prove two recent conjectures concerning the n body matrix that arose in recent papers of Escobar-Ruiz, Miller, and Turbiner on the classical and quantum n body problem in d-dimensional space. First, whenever the positions of the masses are in a nonsingular configuration, meaning that they do not lie on an affine subspace of dimension ≤ n − 2, the n body matrix is positive definite and, hence, defines a Riemannian metric on the space coordinatized by their interpoint distances. Second, its determinant can be factored into the product of the order n Cayley–Menger determinant and a mass-dependent factor that is also of one sign on all nonsingular mass configurations. The factorization of the n body determinant is shown to be a special case of an intriguing general result proving the factorization of determinants of a certain form.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2019 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
- Cayley–Menger matrix
- Distance geometry
- Euclidean distance matrix
- N body matrix
- N body problem