The origin of bidirectional DNA replication in polyoma virus.

E. A. Hendrickson, C. E. Fritze, W. R. Folk, M. L. DePamphilis

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31 Scopus citations


The nucleotide locations of RNA-p-DNA covalent linkages in polyoma virus (PyV) replicating DNA were mapped in the region containing the genetically required origin of DNA replication (ori). These linkages mark the initiation sites for RNA-primed DNA synthesis. A clear transition was identified between the presence of these linkages (discontinuous DNA synthesis) and their absence (continuous DNA synthesis) on each strand of ori. This demonstrated that PyV DNA replication, like simian virus 40 (SV40), is semi-discontinuous, and thus revealed the location of the origin of bidirectional DNA replication (OBR). The transition site on the template encoding PyV late mRNA occurred at the junction of ori-core and T-antigen binding site A. This was essentially the same site as previously observed in SV40 (Hay and DePamphilis, 1982). However, in contrast to SV40, the transition site on the template encoding PyV early mRNA was displaced towards the late gene side of ori. This resulted in a 16 nucleotide gap within ori in which no RNA-p-DNA linkages were observed on either strand. A model for the initiation of PyV DNA replication is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2011-2018
Number of pages8
JournalThe EMBO journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1987


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