The tumor suppressor p53 protein is one of the most highly connected nodes in cellular signal transduction pathways and acts as a central regulatory switch in networks controlling cell proliferation and apoptosis. It is involved in the activation of genes that maintain control over cellular responses to DNA errors such as DNA repair, chromosomal recombination, and chromosome segregation. Here we show that ribosomal S6 kinase 2 (RSK2) activates and phosphorylates p53 (Ser15) in vitro and in vivo and colocalizes with p53 in the nucleus. Deficiency of p53 diminishes RSK2-mediated phosphorylation of histone H3 (Ser10) and adding back p53 to p53-/- embryonic fibroblasts restored phosphorylation of histone H3 at Ser10. These results show that the p53 protein is an important substrate of RSK2 and a critical intermediary in the RSK2 and histone H3 interaction. The RSK2-p53-histone H3 complex may likely contribute to chromatin remodeling and cell cycle regulation.