Many other areas in the social sciences (e.g., economics, political science, and sociology) have devoted considerable research to understanding antecedents to national corruption. However, little research has explored psychological antecedents-specifically, personality measured at an aggregate level. In this study of 54 countries, the authors examined the independent, combined, and unique effects of national personality and G. S. Hofstede's cultural dimensions on perceived national corruption. Nations scoring low on neuroticism and high on extraversion tended to be less corrupt, and the relationship between conscientiousness and corruption was explained by wealth. In addition, national personality contributed beyond other cultural, economic, and demographic variables predictive of national corruption: National personality incremented Hofstede's cultural dimensions, national wealth, and national religion. These findings suggest that personality at the national level has substantial relations with nations' corruption and that these effects merit closer scrutiny by researchers and policy makers alike.
- Cultural Perceptions Index
- Cultural dimensions
- Five-Factor Model
- National personality and culture