The positivity effect: a negativity bias in youth fades with age

Laura L. Carstensen, Marguerite DeLiema

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Relative to younger adults, older adults attend to and remember positive information more than negative information. This shift from a negativity bias in younger age to a preference for positive information in later life is termed the ‘positivity effect.’ Based on nearly two decades of research and recent evidence from neuroscience, we argue that the effect reflects age-related changes in motivation that direct behavior and cognitive processing rather than neural or cognitive decline. Understanding the positivity effect, including conditions that reduce and enhance it, can inform effective public health and educational messages directed at older people.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-12
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

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