Background. The leucine-zipper c-fos has been implicated in the regulation of gene expression. We investigated the possible role of c-fos in the regulation of hepatic gene expression after sepsis. Based on previous data demonstrating that sepsis inhibits hepatic gene expression of carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT), we hypothesized that c-fos may play a role in the inhibition of CPT gene expression after sepsis. Methods. We studied c-fos gene expression after peritoneal sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) or sham-CLP. To investigate the possible inhibitory role of c-fos on CPT gene transcription, we investigated the effect of c-fos on c-jun-driven CPT promoter-chloramphenicol acyltransferase reporter gene expression in a HepG2 hepatoma cell cotransfection model. To investigate the possible role of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in the regulation of c-fos in vivo, we treated either the sham-CLP group or the CLP group with either vehicle or cAMP. Results. Peritoneal sepsis in the rat model resulted in a four-fold increase in hepatic c-fos mRNA and c-fos protein. In the cotransfection model, c-fos significantly inhibited c-jun-induced chloramphenicol acyltransferase activity. Treatment with cAMP resulted in a 50% decrease in c-fos protein in either the sham-CLP or CLP group. Conclusions. We conclude that (1) sepsis increases hepatic c-fos transcription and translation, (2) c-fos inhibits c-jun-induced CPT gene expression, and (3) cAMP probably does not directly mediate the increase in c-fos after sepsis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Aug 1992|