The range of symptoms in refugees of war: The new mexico refugee symptom checklist-121

Michael Hollifield, Teddy D. Warner, Barry Krakow, Janis Jenkins, Joseph Westermeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The range of symptoms experienced by refugees of war has not been empirically assessed. The New Mexico Refugee Symptom Checklist-121 (NMRSCL-121) was developed utilizing established guidelines and evaluated for its psychometric properties. Community-dwelling Kurdish and Vietnamese refugees reported 48 (SD = 31) persistent and bothersome somatic and psychological symptoms on the NMRSCL-121. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability for the total scale and for most subscales were acceptable, and construct and concurrent validity for the NMRSCL-121 data was shown. There were modest ethnic group differences on symptom severity and psychometric properties of NMRSCL-121 subscales. The NMRSCL-121 produces reliable and valid assessments of a wide range of symptoms in 2 broad community samples of displaced adult refugees.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-125
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2009


  • Assessment
  • Health
  • Measurement, instruments
  • Refugees
  • Symptoms
  • War trauma

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